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:: The Vikings of Bjornstad ::
Old Norse Dictionary
Old Norse to English

Note: This dictionary is derived from the sources listed following it. Some liberties have been taken with the English definitions to facilitate sorting them in a usable order. This is a work of transcription and conversion, not scholarship. As a result, this dictionary should NOT be relied upon as unerringly accurate, and should only be used as an aid for further research. To use the English to Old Norse version, click here. For Viking ship terms, click here. For Viking runes, click here. For more information on the Old Norse language and runes, see the Viking Language Book Series here.

Old Norse English
a - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
a not
á on, upon; at, in; to, towards; by means of; during; in the manner of
á river
á flot afloat
áæggia urge on (v)
ábyrgð liability
Aðalsteinn Athalstan, king of England
Adam Adam
áðr first
áðr before, first; until
æ - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
æ ever, always; forever
æ  always 
æðra despair
æðra fear
ægir sea
æsta request (v), ask for
ætla expect (v)
ætla fated
ætla intend (v)
ætla purpose (v)
ætla think (v)
ætla (að) think, consider (to be); expect, look for; intend (to do)
ætlun estimate, opinion
ætt descent, direction; point of compass; family lineage
ætt race
ætt direction, region; family, line; stock, tribe; ancestry
ættaðr descended
ættartala genealogy
ættleifð patrimony
æva never; not at all
ævagi never
ævi life; age, time; life-story
ævi time
æztr highest
af from, out of; with; concerning; because of
af hafi foreign, from abroad
af_því_at because, for
áfakliga exceedingly
afklæða undress (v)
afl hearth, fireplace or chimney of a forge
afl strength
aflæ beget (v)
afli aid 
afli power
afráð payment, tribute; heavy penalty or toll
afroð loss
afrœkjask (kt) neglect
afskræmi-liga hideously
ágæti celebration
ágæti glory
ágætliga honorably
ágætr excellent; famous
ágirni greed
áhyggja care
Ái Ai, Great-grandfather
aka drive (v)
ákafi heat
ákafi vehemence
ákafr vehement
ákaft greatly
akarn acorn 
akkeri anchor 
akr field
ak-taug halyard (ship/sailing term)
aktaumr brace (ship/sailing term)
ala bear, give birth to; feed
albryniaðr mailed, all clad in mail, in a byrnie
aldartal age, count of time
aldinn old
aldr age 
aldregi never
aldri never
aldrnari fire
álfr elf
Álfr Alf, Elf
alicarl fatso, fat churl
alit aspect
alit feature
all-frægr very famous
allharðr severe, violent
alllítill very little
allmikill very great
allr all, whole; every
allstórum enormously
allvaldr sovereign ruler
allvegliga splendidly
almáttigr almighty
almenniligr universal
almr bow
almr elm
alsekr full outlaw
al-snotr very wise
Alþiófr Althjof, Great-thief
al-væpni armed (fully); a complete equipment of arms
ámæli blame, reproach
ámælissamr shameful
ámáttr terrible, loathsome
ámáttugr powerful (tremendously or overwhelmingly); fearsome; loathesome
ambátt bondwoman
ambátt handmaid
ambótt bondwoman
amma grandmother
Án An
Ánarr Anar
andask die (v)
anddyri vestibule of hall
andi spirit
andlát death
andlit face
andskoti adversary 
andskoti enemy
andvarða commit (v)
angan delight, joy
Angantýr Angantyr
angra distinguish (v)
angra distress (v)
annarr another, other; second, next; one (of two)
annask take care of (v)
annt eager
anny anxious 
aptann evening
aptr back; aft
ár early, in the early morning; of yore, long ago
ár year; (good) season
áræði courage
áræði daring
árangr season
áreið cavalry charge
arfr inheritance
argr cowardly
argr womanish
ari eagle
Arinbjǫrn Arinbjorn
ármaðr steward
armr poor
armr wretched
Arngrímr Arngrim
arr unwary
ásamt together
ásjá help
ásjá protection
aska ashes
askr ash tree; spear; Ash
áss god; the god, Thor
áss pole
áss beam, timber; ship
ást affection 
ást love
ástir affection 
ástugr loving, benevolent
ásuauðr ewe
at not
at that
at to, towards, against; at, in; from; according to; regarding; concerning; after
at_því_er how; as
atall fierce, terrible
atburðr event
atburðr occurrence
atdráttr provisions
atdráttr supplies
atferð behavior; energy
atferli proceeding
atganga assault
atganga violence
atgeirr thrusting-spear
átján eighteen
at-laga alongside (laying of ships alongside for attack), attack
atmælasamr fault-finding
atrið movement
átrunaðr belief
atseta residence
átta eight
áttrœðr eighty years old
auðigr rich
auðigr wealthy, rich
auðit fated
auðna (að) fateful, (impers.) fall out by fate
auðœfi possessions
auðœfi wealth
auðr treasure, wealth, riches; precious objects
auðsénn evident
auðsynn evident
auðsýnn clear
auga eye
augabragð wink, sidelong glance
auka increase (v), add
auki increase
aurvangar fields (muddy or damp)
Aurvangr Aurvang, Mudfield
ausa pour; ladle; water; (mid.) stream, flow
austan from the east; east (of); bearing to the east
aust-maðr Norwegian, Easterner
austmaðr Easterner, Norwegian
Austri East
austrvegr the east
ávalt  always 
ávant lacking
ávǫxtr growth
b - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
bacraut asshole
báðir both
baðmr tree
bæði both
bær house
bagall crozier, episcopal staff
baggi bag
bak back
baka bake (v)
bakki bank
bál fire
bálkr partition
bálkr wall
bana (að) kill (v)
banahǫgg death-blow
banamaðr slayer
bana-sar wound (mortal)
band bond
band bind, fetter
bani death; cause of death, slayer
bani slayer
banna prohibit (v)
banna (að) forbid (v), prohibit
bardagi fight, battle
barn child
barnœska childhood
barsmið fight, assault
bati advantage 
batna improve (v)
bátr boat (ship's boat)
baugr ring; coil
baulufotr foot of a cow
bautarsteinn stone (memorial stone)
Bávǫrr Bavor
beðr bed
beiða ask (v)
beiða request (v)
bein bone; ivory
beina assist (v)
beinahrúga bones (heap)
beini benefit
beini help
beiskaldi gripe, bitch
beitiáss spar (tacking spar: ship/sailing term)
beizl bridle
bekkr bench
belgr bag
belgr skin (of animals)
bella dare (v)
ben wound
ben-grefill wound-engraver
ben-már raven (wound-mew)
bera bear (v), bring, carry; wear; give birth to; overcome; endure; bear (witness)
berg-risi hill-giant
berja (barði, bariðr) smite (v), beat; (refl.) fight
berling beam (ground beam for tent)
berr bare
berserkr berserk
betr better; more
betri better
beygja affliction 
beygja bend (v)
beztr best
biæuær beaver
biða (að) await
biðja ask (v); beg; pray; bid
bifask be moved (v)
bifask (ð, að) tremble (v); move; march
bikkja bitch, dog
bil moment (of time)
bilstyggr energetic
bilt startled
binda bind (v)
binda dress (v)
biǫð, bjǫð land
birgja provide (v)
birgja supply (v)
birta display (v)
biskup bishop
bita cut (v)
bíta bite, cut (v)
bitr biting
bitr brave
bitr keen
Bívǫrr Bivor
bjalla bell
bjarg cliff
bjarg crag
bjarg rock; mountain
bjarkan birch
bjarn-báss pit (for catching bears)
bjarn-dýr bear
bjartr bright
bjǫð fields, land(s)
bjóða invite (v)
bjóða provide (v)
bjóða command (v), bid; offer; provide; invite; challenge; threaten; call upon, summon
bjóðja challenge (v)
bjóðr giver
bjór-ker beer-goblet
bjǫrn bear
bjórr beer
Bláinn Blain
blakkr black
blakkr dark
blanda mix (v)
blanda (blett, -að) blend, mix
blár blue; black
blása blow (v)
blatqnn black tooth
blautr wet
bleikr white fair
blesóttr marked, having a white mark on the forehead
bliða friendliness
bliðr gracious
bliðr pleasant
blindr blind
blóð blood
bloðorn blood-eagle
blóð-refill sword point
blóðugr bloody
blóm flower
blot sacrifice
blot heathen
blóta sacrifice (v)
boð feast
boð festival
boð offer
boð summons
boð battle
boða preach (v)
boðorð commandment
boðsmaðr guest
Bǫðvarr battle, Bothvar
bœgr shoulder
bœn prayer
bœr farmhouse, farmstead; farm, landed estate; town
bœta compensate (v)
bœtr compensations
bogastrengr bow-string
bogi bow
bóglína bowline (ship/sailing term)
bógr shoulder
bók book
bokki buck; fellow
bǫl grief
bǫl sorrow
Bǫmburr Bombur
bóndason farmer's son, son of a yeoman
bóndi franklin
bóndi yeoman, franklin; husband
borð board
borð rim
borð table
borð strake, hull plank
borðveggr wall of boards, wall made of planks
borg castle, fortress; funeral pyre
borg stronghold
borg town
bót compensation, atonement
bqllr ball, glans penis
bráðr hasty, impatient
bráðr sudden
bragða (að) move, stir
bragþáttr poetry
braka creak (v)
braka (að) crack (v), creak
brandr blade
brandr brand
brandr firewood (piece of)
brattr steep
brattr sheep
brauð bread
brauðgǫrð bread-making
braudnefr breadnose
braut road
bréf letter
bregða move quickly; throw; draw (sword)
breiða spread (v)
breið-øx axe with a long blade
breiðr broad
brekka hillside, slope
brenna burning
brenna burn (intrans.), be on fire
brenna (d) burn (trans.), light, set on fire
bresta break (v)
bresta burst (v)
breyta act (v) 
Brimir sword; (name of a sword); (name of a giant)
brim-sker rock on which waves break
brjóst breast
brjóta break (v), break into; destroy; deal out, distribute; (mid.) exert oneself
brjóta violate (v)
broddr point of the spear
bróðir brother
brǫkon clashing
brokun clashing
brotna (að) break (intrans.) (v), be broken
brott away
brottkvaðning dismissal
brú bridge
brúðr bride, young married woman; wife
brullaup wedding
brún eye-brow
brúnáss ridge-beam
bruni fire
bruni heat
brunnr burn, spring, well
brusi goat (he-goat)
bryggja landing-stage
brynja mail (coat of)
brynjulauss mail-less, without mail, unprotected
brýnn clear
brýnn urgent
bryti bailiff
bryti steward
dwelling
farming, farm, dwelling, livestock
búa array (v)
búa prepare (v); array, dress; dwell; have a household, keep house; be, be ready
buð booth, temporary dwelling
buðlungr king, prince
búfé farm-cattle
bughr curve
búi neighbor
búnaðr equipment
burðr birth
burlufotr foot (a clumsy foot)
burr son
Burr Bur, Odin's father
bústaðr dwelling-place
bee
bygð dwelling, settlement
bygghlaða barley-barn
byggja (gð) dwell (v); settle; build; inhabit
bylgja billow
byrðr burden, load
bytta bucket
bytta pail
c - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
candi habit
clash hnit
d - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
dáð courage
dáð energy
dæll gentle, easy (to manage)
dæma judge (v)
daga dawn (v)
dagan daybreak
dagr day, daylight, dawn
dálkr pin
dalr dale, dell, valley
danzleikr dance
danzleikr dancing-song
darraðr spear
dauðadagr death-day
dauði death
dauðr dead, death
daufi deaf-mute, stupid
daufr deaf
deila contention
deila disagreement
deila divide (v)
deila quarrel (v)
deila (d) divide; distinguish, quarrel, contend
deild litigation
deild quarrel
deili details (pl.)
detta drop (v), fall
deyja die, pass away
digr big, stout; thick; deep
djarfliga boldly
djarfr bold, daring
djúpr deep
dœgr day
dœma proclaim (v)
dofni dopey
dǫgg dew (sg. and pl.)
dǫglingr prince
dolg battle
dólg battle
Dólgþrasir Dolgthrasir
dómari judge
dómr court
dómr fame
dómr judgment
dómr reputation
dómstóll judgment-seat
dóm-stóll judgment seat
dóttir daughter
dótturson grandson
dǫuðarorð death tidings
draga haul (v)
draga draw, haul
dragi slowpoke
dráp killing
draugr tree-trunk
draugr undead man, ghost
draumr dream
Draupnir Draupnir
dreifa sprinkle (v)
dreifa (ð) scatter (dat.); besprinkle (acc.)
drekka empty (v)
drekka drink (v)
drekkja (kt) drown (dat.)
drengiliga manfully
drengr warrior; gallant fellow
drengskapr nobility, courage
drepa strike (v), smite; knock; kill, slay
dreyma dream (v)
dreyri blood
dreyrugr blood-stained
drif throng (v)
drifa drive (v); crowd, throng; rush
drjúgr substantial, lasting, ample
drjúpa drip (v)
dróttinn leader of the host, lord
dróttning queen
drúpa droop (v)
drykkja drinking
drykkr draught, drink
drykkyumaðr drinker
dúði toss (v)
duga help (v), aid, be of avail, be of assistance
dul reserve, folly; conceit
duna resound (v)
duna noise (thunderous noise)
dunði resound (v)
dunði whir (v)
Durinn Durin
Dvalinn Dvalin, Delayer
dvegr dwarf
dveljask (dvalðisk) stay (v); be delayed
dvergr dwarf; fibula
dvǫl delay
dyja, (dúði) shake (v), toss
dylja (dulði) deceive oneself (mid.); keep on in ignorance of
dynja whir (v), whistle
dýr animal, beast
dyrk, dýrð glory
dyrr door
dyrr doorway (pl.), door
dýrr expensive, dear; precious
dyrvǫrðr door-keeper
dys grave
e - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
Eadmundr Eadmund
eða and 
eða or; and; but
eðli nature, characteristic(s)
eðr still
ef if; whether; (to see) if; lest
efja mud, more
efla make (v)
efla perform (v)
efla support (v)
efna fulfill (v)
efna perform (v)
efnaleysi poverty
efni condition
efni material
efni reason
efni state
efniligr promising
efri later
efri upper
efst highest
efstr uppermost, highest
egg egg
egg edge
eggja whet (v)
eggja (að) urge (v), whet
eggþrima battle
eggtog battle
Egill Egil
eiðr oath
eiga possession
eiga own, have, possess; have in marriage; have the power to; have claim to; have duty to
eigi not
eigi_at_síðr nonetheless
eign possessions
eigna (að) take possession of
eignask possess (v)
eignask (að) gain possession of, get for oneself
eigu possession
eik oak; tree; ship
Eikinskialdi Eikinskjald, Oakenshield
Eilífr Eilif
eimi reek
eimi smoke
einga only
einhendr one-handed
einn alone 
einn one; a certain, particular; only
einnhverr some, a certain, any
einráðinn resolved
einvigi duel
eir bronze
eir copper
Eiríkr Eirik
eitr poison
ek I
ekki not, by no means
ekkja widow
él shower
eldask grow old (v)
elding dawn
eldivðr firewood
eldr fire
elgr elk
eljun endurance
ella else
elli old age
ellifu eleven
elligar otherwise
ellri elder
ellri older
elska affection 
elska be fond of (v)
elska love (v)
elska (að) love
elta cast down (v)
elta pursue (v)
Embla Embla
Emma Emma
en but, and; than
enda bring to an end (v)
enda end
enda moreover
endi, endir end
endr again 
endrþaga silence in return, reciprocated silence
eng meadow
eng pasture land
enga-lund in no way
engi no, none, no one
Engla-konungr king of the English (Angles)
England England
Englar English (pl.), Angles
enn still; also; yet; further; again; moreover; even
en-w­īgh combat (single)
eptir along 
eptir after, behind; for, to obtain; along; according to; in succession to
eptir-batr boat (small boat towed behind a ship)
eptri hind
er who, which; when
erfi funeral feast
erfiði toil
erfiði trouble
erfiðr difficult
erfiðr troublesome
erfingi heir
ergjask become cowardly (v)
ermr sleeve
eta eat (v)
etja incite (v)
Eva Eve
ey island
ey forever; always
eybarmr island surface
eyða (dd) lay waste
Eyfura Eyfura
eyjarskeggi island inhabitant
eyland island
eyra ear
eyrir silver (one ounce)
eyrr sandbank
eyrr shoal
eyrr spit
f - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
get, take; catch; have, make use of; put; give; receive; suffer; (with ppart.) be able to, get accomplished; (mid.) take place; struggle
fá (ð) color
faðir father
fæða give birth to (v)
fægir artist
fæla (d) frighten (v), ; (refl.) be frightened
færa hurl (v)
færa less
fagna (að) glad (to be glad); rejoice at, welcome
fagr beautiful
fagr (ran) fair, beautiful
fagrliga beautifully
fall fall
falla fall, fall down; flow; be slain
falr spent
fang breast
fang catch
fang contest
fang provisions
fang wrestling
fang grasp, hold; breast; wrestling, contest; catch; provisions
fangi prisoner
far track; subject; conduct, deeds; condition
fár few
fár mischief, malice
fara go (v), move, travel; behave, act (as); fare, have fortune; turn out, happen; receive, suffer
fararleyfi leave to depart
fárbjóðr destroyer
farmaðr sailor
farmaðr trader
farmr cargo
fáskiptinn reserved
fast fast, strongly, hard; certainly
fastr continuous
fastr firm, fast; hard, severe; continuous
fat bag
fat clothes
fátœkð poverty
fá-tœkr poor
fða feed (v)
cattle; sheep; money; possessions
money
féhirðir herdsman
feigr dead
feigr doomed
feikinstafir curses (pl.)
feitr fat
fela hide (v); make over, commend
félagi companion
félagi comrade
félagi fellow
félagi partner
félauss penniless
feldr cloak
félítill poor
fell hill
fell mountain
fella slay (v)
fémunir money
fémunir valuables
fen bog, fen
fénaðr cattle
fen-stigi fens traveler; one who goes in the fens
ferð dealings
ferð journey
ferskeyttr four-cornered
festa (t) fasten; strengthen; learn by heart; bite, take effect on
festr rope
fet pace
feta step (v); proceed in, begin to
fetill band
fetill girdle
fetils svell sword of ice, the gleaming sword
fiðri feathers
Fíli Fili
fill unpleasant
fimbulþulr mighty sage
fimm five
fimtán fifteen
fingr finger
finna compose (v)
finna devise (v)
finna visit (v)
finna find (v), meet; discover; notice; invent
Finnr Finn
firar men (pl.), people; (pl.) living beings or creatures; humankind
fiskr fish
fit land
fit shore
fjaðrhamr feather-coat
Fjalarr Fjalar
fjall mountain, fell
fjalltindr mountain top
fjándmaðr enemy
fjara ebb-tide, fore-shore, beach
fjarri far, far off; by no means
fjǫðr wing
fjǫðr feather
fjǫl host
fjöl? deck planking?
fjǫlði multitude
fjǫlgask (að) multiply
fjǫllóttr mountainous
fjǫlmennask (t) populated, become peopled, full of people
fjǫlmenni crowd
fjǫlmennr crowded
fjǫr life
fjórði fourth
fjǫrðr firth
fjórir four
fjǫrlag death
fjórtán fourteen
fjǫtra (að) fetter, bind
fjóturr fetter
fjǫturr shackle
fjúka fly (v)
flá flay (v)
flá skin (v)
flagð giantess
flár false
flár treacherous
fláráðr false, deceitful
flatr flat
flatr prostrate
flaugun flight
flaugun flying
flein-drifa spear throwing
fleinn spear (for throwing)
fleiri more; further, other
flekkr speck
flekkr spot
flesk bacon
flestr most
flet boards of a hall used for seating
fletta strip (v)
fleygja (gð) shoot (v); let something fly; hurl
flík flag
flík rag
fljóð woman
fljót river
fljóta float (v)
fljótliga speedily
fljótr readily
fljótr swift, fleeing
flóð tide
flóð flood
flœrð deceit
flokkr men (body of men); short lay
floti fleet
flotnar seafarers, Vikings
flótti flight
flúga fly (v)
flutningr pleading
flyja flee (v)
flytja plead a case (v)
flytja remove (v)
fnǫsun snorting, blowing out
fóðr fodder
fǫðurbróðir uncle, father's brother
fœða support (v)
fœða (dd) feed (v); nurse; rear, bring up
fœra (ð) bring, send; hurl, smite; move; present
fœri opportunity
fógnuðr entertainment
fǫgnuðr delight
fólcvíg war, troop-slaying, battle (between armies)
fold earth, world
folk people
fólk troop, host of warriors; men
fólkhagi leader
fǫlna (að) fade; grow pale
fǫlr pale
fǫr journey, journeying; expedition; movement
forað monster
forða (að) save (v)
forðum formerly, some time ago
for-eldra ancestors
forkunnar exceedingly
forlǫg destiny
forlǫg fate
formælandi supporter, advocate, speaker on one's behalf
formáli formula
forn old, ancient
forsjá aid 
forsjá care
forsjá patronage
fortǫlur exhortations
fǫruneyti company
forvikrki labor
forvitnask find out (v)
forvitnask inquire (v)
forvitni curiosity
foss force
foss waterfall
fóstbróðir foster-brother
fóstra foster (v)
fóstra foster-mother
fóstra nurse
fóstri foster-father; foster-brother; foster-son; fosterling
fót-hvatr swift of foot
fótr foot
fótr leg
fotr foot; leg
fótr foot; leg
frá from; concerning
fræði history
frægiligr honorable
frægiligr magnificent
frægr famous, well-known
Frægr Fraeg
fræknliga bravely
frændi relative, kinsman
frændsemi kinship
fráliga swiftly
fram forward, on; away; out
framan forward; from the front side
framar ahead 
framganga advance 
frami courage
frami fame, growth, success; advancement, benefit, profit; luck; courage, ability
framkvæmd progress
framkvæmd success
frammi produce
framr forward
framr foremost, facing forwards, standing in front; outstanding, excellent; (superl.) farthest back in time, earliest
framstafn prow
Frár Frar
frásagnarverðr worth relating
fráskila separated
frásǫgn information
frásǫgn narration
fregn information
fregn news, information
fregna ask (v)
fregna learn (v), hear of; ask
freista test (v)
freista (st) try (v), make trial of; put to the test
freki wolf
frekr greedy
frelsa rescue (v)
frelsa save (v)
fremja accomplish (v) 
fremja perform (v)
fremr more
frest respite
fretr fart
frétta ask (v)
friðar-tákn token of peace
friðr peace
fríðr handsome
frjáls free
frjósa freeze (v)
fróðleikr knowledge
fróðleikr lore
fróðleikr magic
fróðr wise, well-informed
frœði lore, history
frœkn brave
frœkn valiant
frœknliga manfully
frost frost
Frosti Frosti, Frosty
fugl bird
fúinn rotten, decayed
full foul
fullkominn complete
fullkominn established
fullr full; in full swingfull outlaw
fullting aid 
fullting help
Fundinn Fundin, Foundling
fundr battle; meeting
furðuliga terribly
fuss eager
fúss willing
fyl foal
fylgð following
fylgð party
fylgja accompany  (v)
fylgja follow (v)
fylgja give help to (v)
fylgja (gð) belong to, attend to, accompany, serve, appertain to
fylking battle array, host
fylkir king
fylla (d) fill (v); complete; increase
fyrðar men (pl.), people
fyrir first; before, in front of; until; against; because of, for
fyrir stundu time (a short time ago)
fyrri former
fyrst first
fyrsta beginning
fyrstr first, foremost, earliest
fyrtelia (-talða) recount, recite
fysa desire (v)
fysa encourage (v)
fýsa (t) urge (v), encourage; (impers.) desire
fýst desire
g - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
heed (v)
gæfa luck
gæfr mild
gæfr reasonable
gæfuleysi lucklessness
gæfumaðr lucky man
gægjask (ð) gaze (v), bend forward to see, glare
gær yesterday
gæta take care of (v)
gæta watch (v)
gæta (tt) guard (v), attend to, tend, watch over; keep watch
gætinn wary, careful
gaflveggr gable-wall
gagn advantage 
gagnsamr helpful
gagnsemð helpfulness
gagnvart opposite
gala scream (v)
galti boar (wild)
gamall old
gaman delight
gaman pleasure, entertainment
Gandálfr Gandalf, Staff-elf
gandr staff (magic staff) or spirit
ganga go, walk; advance; take place; extend; go on, last; turn out
ganga við confess (v)
gap gap, gaping, chasm
gapa gape (v)
garðr farmyard, enclosure, court; fence;  dwelling-place
gargan snake
gata path
gata road
gáta riddle
gátt door-opening
gaumr attention
gaumr heed, attention
geð affection 
geð liking
geð disposition; mind; wits; sense; inclination
geðjaðr agreeable 
gefa give (v); give in marriage; (impers.) be obtainable
gefandi giver, host
gegna mean (v)
gegna (d) suited for, (dat.) be suitable for; mean, bode
gegnt opposite
geigr injury (serious)
geil lane
geirr spear; point of anvil
geisa rage (v)
geisl goad
geisl staff
geit she-goat
gellir yeller, screamer
Gellisson Gellir's son
gera become (v)
gera compose (v)
gera (ð) do, perform; act; make, build; finish
gestr guest
geta think (v)
geta get, obtain; engender; (with ppart.) be able to, get done; (with infin.) happen to (do); be obtainable; guess, suppose; relate, tell of
geyja revile (v)
geyma guard (v)
geyma watch (v)
gífr troll
gil gorge
gil ravine
gildi feast
gildi guild
gildi payment due, tribute, offerings or compensation; recompense, return
gildisbrœðr guild-brethren
gildr fine
gildr worthy
Ginnarr Ginnar, Betrayer
ginnheilagr sacred, most holy
ginnregin powers (pl.) (mighty powers)
ginnung space (mighty space), abyss, void
gipt gift
gipta give in marriage (v)
gipta good luck
giptumaðr lucky man
girnd desire
gísl hostage
gista lodge (v)
gisting lodging (night-lodgings)
Gizurr Gizur
gjald payment; tax
gjalda redeem (v)
gjalda pay compensation (v); repay, requite; give something as recompense for something; atone or pay for
gjálfrmarr ship; steed of the sea
gjalla bellow (v)
Gjalpar skær wolf
gjarn eager
gjarna, gjarnan willingly
gjǫf gift
gjǫr food
gjóta cast (v)
glaða gladden (v)
glaðliga gladly
glaðliga heartily
glaðr glad
glaðr merry
Glámr Glam
gleði gladness
gleidr bowlegged
glettask meddle with (v)
gleypa (t) swallow (v)
glíkligr likely
glíma wrestling
glita glitter (v)
gløggr clear
gløggr clear-sighted
Glói Gloi, Glow
glotta grin (v)
gluggr window
glymja resound (v)
glymja roar (v)
gnæfa tower (v)
gnæfa (ð) high (to rise high), tower
gnat clashing
gnata crash (v)
gnógr enough; plenty (of)
gnótt abundance, plenty
gnyja roar (v)
gnýr clash, din
goðahús temple
goðgá blasphemy
góði profit
goði chief (and priest)
góðr brave
góðr fine
góðr liberal
góðr good
góðvili goodwill
Goðvinasun Gothvinasun
gœðalauss barren
gœðalauss useless
gǫfugr worshipful
gólf floor
gøra become (v)
gøra make (v) , build; write, compose
gørð building
gørð making
gǫrr built
gǫrr ready
gørr more fully
gǫrr (van) made, built; done; ready; sent; done for, finished off
gørsimi treasure
gørviligr capable
gørviligr enterprising
gotar men
Gotar Goths, (pl.) the Goths
goti steed
gott benefit
góz goods
gr  approach 
gráðar læ food (hunger's bane)
gráðr hunger
grafa dig (v); engrave, inlay
gramr king
grannr slender
grár grey
gras grass, pasture; vegetation; plant
gráta weep (v)
grautr porridge
greiðliga quickly, promptly
grein branch, division; particular, detail
gren lair (of a fox), foxhole
gretta grimace (v)
Grettir Grettir
grið peace (pl.), protection
griðungr bull
gríma mask; shadow of night
grimmr fierce
grimmr grim
grind fold
grípa grip (v)
gripr animal
griss piglet
grjót stones
grjótbjǫrg rocks
gróa grow
groðkona serving-woman
grœnn green
gróf pit
grǫf ditch
grǫf hole
grǫf pit
grǫn beak
grǫn beard
grǫn lip
grǫsugr grassy
gruna suspect (v)
grund ground, bottom; broad surface; surface of the earth, earth
grunlauss unsuspecting
grunnr bottom
grunnr ground
grunr suspicion
gryttr stony
guð god
guðr battle
gufa smoke
gufa vapor
gull gold
gullhringr gold ring
gullhyrndr golden-horned
Gullveig Gullveig
gumi man, human
Gunnarr Gunnar
Gunnhildr Gunnhild
Gunnlǫð Gunnlath
gyrðingr buntline (ship/sailing term)
h - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
habora oar-hole
hæð height, hill
hægr gentle
hæll heel
hænsn hens
hærðr haired
hætta cease (v)
hætta risk (v)
haf sea (the sea)
haf víl lost at sea (literally 'sea trouble')
hafa possess (v)
hafa wear (v)
hafa (ð) have (v), keep; hold; accept
hafr goat
hafrstaka goat-skin
haga arrange (v)
hagall hail
hagliga neatly
haglkorn hail-stone
hagr affairs 
hagr character
hala haul (ship/sailing term)
halda hold (v); hold fast, grip; keep; steer; protect; last, hold good, remain
haldorðr true of word
Hálfdanarson Halfdan's son
hálfr half
halftroll halftroll
hallargólf hall-floor
Hallgerðr Hallgertha, Gunnar's wife
hallr hill-side
hálmr straw
hálmþúst flail
halr hero
halr man
háls hill-crest
háls neck
háls ridge
halsa clew up
haltr lame
hamarr cliff
hamarr crag
hamarr hammer
hamingja luck
hamr abode 
hamr skin
Hánarr Hanar
handarvanr handless, bereft of a hand, lacking a hand, one-armed
handleggr arm; (pl.) upper arm and forearm
handsal handshake
handtaka capture (v)
hani cock
hann he
hanzki glove
happ good luck
hár lofty
hár hair
Hár Har, Greyhair
hár tall, high; loud
Haraldr Harald
harðaz fiercest
harðfengiliga stoutly
harðhugaðr hard-hearted
harðliga fiercely
harðliga terribly
harðr sharp
harðr hard, severe, sharp
harð-ræði hardihood; experience of hardship
harðsnúinn well-knit
harðsnúinn well-prepared, staunch
hárfagri fair-haired
harma grieve (v)
harmfullr sorrowful
harmr sorrow, grief
harr sea
hárr grey-haired, hoary, grey-bearded; (a name of Odin)
hart hard; sharply
háseti oarsman
hásin tendon
háski danger, harm
hástokkr? gunwale?
hata (að) damage (v), destroy
hátt aloud 
hátt loudly
hátta arrange (v)
háttaðr fashioned
Hattargriði Hott's guardian
hattr hood
háttr custom
háttr manner
háttr kind, type; (pl.) activity, habits, behavior
hauga-brot grave destruction; breaking open of a grave-mound
hauga-eldr grave fire, fire from graves
haugbúi ghost, undead man
haugr grave mound; mound
Haugspori Haugspori, Mound-river
hauknefr hawknose
haukr hawk
hausakljufr cleaver (skull cleaver)
hauss skull
haust autumn
hávaðamikill noisy
hdla lay hands on (v)
heðan hence, from here
heðinn fur cloak, coat
heðra here, hither
hefill clew line (ship/sailing term)
hefja lift (v), raise
hefna (d) avenge (v)
hefnd vengeance
hégómi folly
hegri heron
heiðinn heathen
heiðir hawk
heiðni heathendom
heiðr bright, clear; Bright
heiðr heath
Heiðrekr Heithrek
heilagr holy, sacred
heili brain
heill luck (good luck); good omen
heill sound, safe; in health; hail!
heilsa greet (v)
heim home; to(wards) the house
heima home; (as adv.) at home
Heimdallr Heimdall, World-radiance
heimdragi stay-at-home
heimili home
heimisgarðar courtyards of a house (pl.), homestead(s), premises
heimr region; world
heimskr foolish
heimstǫð homestead
heimta get back (v)
heimta recover (v)
heimta summon (v)
heimta (mt) claim
heit promise
heita call (to call) (v), name; promise; be called, be named
heita pray to (v)
heitr hot
hel hell
heldr nay
heldr rather
helgrind hell gate, gate of hell
hellir cave
helmingr half
helzt most willingly; most of all; exceedingly
heppinn fortunate
heppinn lucky
Hepti Hepti, Haft
hér here
herað district
herbergi lodgings
herbergi quarters
herða clench (v)
herða harden (v)
herðar shoulders (pl.)
herfang booty
herfiligr bitter
herfiligr harsh
herfiligr shameful
herfiligr wretched
herja harry (v)
herja plunder (v)
herklæði armor
herlið army
herlið war-force
herǫr war-arrow
herr army
herr great number
herr harrier, destroyer
herra lord
hervápn weapons
Hervarðr Hervarth
Hervǫr Hervor
hestr stallion, horse
heygja bury (v)
heyra (ð) hear (v), hear of
Hildr Hildr, a valkyrie
hilmir chief, king
himinioðurr horizon or precinct of heaven, rim of heaven, sky
himinn heaven, sky
hindrvitni heathenism
hindrvitni superstition
hingat hither
hinn this one; that; the
hirð court
hirða (ð) keep; mind, care
hirðir herdsman
hirðmaðr retainer
hirzla keeping
hirzla possession
hít skin-bag
hiti flame
hiti heat
hitta come to (v)
hitta find (v)
hitta (tt) hit, find, meet, come upon, arrive at; visit, call on
hitta (tt) meet with (v); hit upon; come upon; go to see
hjá beside, at the side of; compared with; close by
hjala chatter (v)
hjaldr (rs) battle
hjallr platform
Hjálmarr Hjalmar
hjálmr helmet
hjálmrǫðull sword
hjalmstallr head (the support of the helmet)
hjálpa help (v)
hjalt pommel of the sword, guard of the sword
hjarta heart
hjölm tiller (ship/sailing term)
hjǫlt hilt
hjǫrð herd, flock; herding
hjǫrleikr sword-play
hjǫrr sword
Hjǫrvarðr Horvarth
hjú household
hlaða barn
hlaða load (v); pile
hladhqnd clean hands
hlæja smile (v)
hlæja laugh (v)
hlakka cry (v)
hlakka scream (v)
hlátr laughter
hlaup run
hlaupa climb (v)
hlaupa fall down on (v)
hlaupa mount (v)
hlaupa run (v)
hlaupa spring (v)
hlaupa leap (v), spring, climb; mount; run
Hleiðargarðr Hleithargarth, Lejre
Hlévangr Hlevang, Lee-plain
hleypa gallop (v)
hleypa make run (v)
hlið slope
hlíf shield; cover, shelter
hlifá protect (v)
hlífa (ð) shelter (v), protect
hlíta rely on (v)
hlíta trust (v)
hljóð silence, hearing
hljóðlyndr taciturn
hljóðr silent, quiet
hljóta be obliged to (v)
hljóta result
hlœgi-ligr laughable
hlœgja gladden (v)
hlǫkk clash; battle
hlǫm sound (crashing sound)
hlunnr and hlummr oar handle
hluta cast lots (v)
hluti fate
hluti lot
hlutr portion
hlutr purpose
hlutr thing
hlutr part, piece, thing
hlut-skipti sharing of booty
hlyða prosper (v)
hlýða (dd) listen
hlýða (dd) listen to, hear; (impers.) be allowable; succeed
hlýðni obedience
hneggja neigh (v)
hnekkja? (with Fr. prefix) sail ~lowering (let out sail)
hneppr scant
hneykja shame
hníga sink (v); (ppart.) open
hnipinn downcast
hnit clash
hnjóða rivet (v), to clench rivets
hnoss costly thing, ornament
hnykkja (ð, t) pull violently
hodd-dofi stinginess
hœfa (ð) befall
hœgindi pillow
hœgr easy, possible; gentle, reasonable
hœgr comfortable; suitable, expedient; docile, affable; skilful, agile
hœgri right
Hœnir Hoenir
hœnsa chicken
hœttr dangerous
hof farm, farmstead; temple
hóf proportion
hǫfðinghlegr princely
hǫfðingi chief, ruler
hǫfðingliga generously
hǫfgi drowsiness
hǫfgi sleep
hǫfn harbor
hǫfuð head; person
höfuðbenda shroud (ship/sailing term)
hǫfuðdúkr hood
hǫfuðstafn prow
hǫgg stroke, blow
hǫggva behead (v)
hǫggva carve (v)
hǫggva cut (v)
hǫggva hew (v)
hǫggva strike (v)
hol hole
hol hollow (n)
hold flesh
hǫldr hero
hǫldr man
hǫlðr man
hǫlkn flat
hǫll hall
hollr loyal
holr hollow (adj)
holt woodland
hǫnd hand, arm and hand; side, part
hǫndla seize (v)
hórdómr adultery 
horfa gaze (v)
hǫrfa (að) recoil (v)
hǫrgr sanctuary (outdoor sanctuary), (stone) altar, temple
horn horn; drinking horn; corner
Hornbori Hornbori
hǫrr bow-string
hǫrr linen
horskr wise, sensible
hǫss grey
hósti cough
hót whit
hǫttr hood
Hǫttr Hott
hqfdi head
hraðliga quickly
hraðr fresh
hraðr swift
hræ corpse (of the slain in battle)
hræða (dd) frighten (v), ; (refl.) be afraid of, be frightened
hræddr frightened, afraid
hræzla fear, terror
hrafn raven
hrafnasueltir coward (raven starver)
hrakning humiliation
hrakning insult
Hrani Hrani
hrapa (að) rush (v)
hrapalliga headlong
hrata (að) tumble, fall
hraun lava
hraustliga bravely
hraustligr dauntless
hraustr brave
hraustr stout-hearted
hreinn reindeer
hrekja drive away (v)
hrelling affliction 
hreppa catch (v)
hreppa obtain (v)
hreyfa stir (v)
hreysti valor
hríð time, while; storm; onset, attack
hrímþurs frost-giant
hrína neigh (v)
hrinda drift (v)
hrinda drive (v)
hrinda push (v)
hrinda shove (v)
hringa-brynja mail coat of rings
hring-brjótr ring distributor
hringr ring, circle
hrista shake (v)
hrjóða strip (v)
hrjóta fly (v)
hrjóta roll (v)
hrjóta snore (v)
hrjóta spring (v)
hrodi snot
hróðr encomium
hróðr (rs) praise; encomium
hrœra (ð) move, stir
hrœsinn boastful
hrøkkva fall back
Hrólfr Hrolf
hross mare
hross horse
hrossakjǫt horse-flesh
hrúga heap
hryggr back
húð hide
húfr hull (ship/sailing term)
hugall thoughtful
hugarbót consolation
huggan comfort
huggan consolation
huglausi cowardly
hugleikinn entranced, in a trance; intense(ly)
hugr courage
hugr desire
hugr mind; thought; heart, spirit
hugsa (að) consider (v), think over; determine
hulða cover, sheath
hundr dog
hundr hound
hundrað hundred
hurð door
hurðarflaki hurdle
hús farm
hús house; room of house; (pl.) farm
húsfreyja housewife
húsgørð house-building
húskarl retainer
húskarl servant
húsl sacrifice
hvaðan whence
hváll knoll
hvalr whale
hvar where; everywhere
hvarfa go (v)
hvarfa (að) walk (v), go
hvárgi neither
hvárr both
hvárt whether; (introduces direct question); however
hvass sharp; prickly
hvat what
hvata go (v)
hvata hasten (v)
hvatki_er whatsoever
hvatvetna anything whatever; everything
hvé how
hveðrungr monster
hveitiakr wheat-field
hverfa turn (v)
hverfr changeable
hverfr quickly
hvergi nowhere; not at all
hverr who, which, what; each, every
hversdagliga commonly
hversdagliga usually
hversu how, however
hvert whither
hvessa sharpen (v)
hví why?
hvíla bed
hvíla rest (v)
hvílð rest, pause
hvíta become white (v)
hvítaaurr mud (white mud) (?)
hvítingr drinking-horn
hvítr white, shining
hybyli homestead
hyggiandi thought, intellect, mind
hyggja anxiety 
hyggja give heed to (v)
hyggja intend (v)
hyggja mean (v)
hyggja observe (v)
hyggja see (v)
hyggja (hugði, hugaðr) think (v), believe
hylli favor
hylli grace
hylr hole
hylr pool
hyrr fire
i - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
í in, within; among; during; into, onto
Iari Iari
Iðavǫllr Ithavale
iðgjǫld compensation
iðja perform (v)
iðja task
iðn occupation
iðrask repent (v)
íhuga consider (v)
íhuga try to decide (v)
íhugi resentment
illa ill, badly
illiligr ugly
illmæli calumny
illmæli slander
illr bad, evil; ugly, unpleasing; difficult
illska cruelty
illskaelda plagiarizer
Ingófr Ingolf
Ingólfsfell Ingolf's Fell
Ingólfshǫfði Ingolf's Head
inn in, within
inn the
inna accomplish (v) 
inna pay (v)
inna repay (v)
innan into; within; from within
innganga entrance
inni within, within the house
inniliga exactly
inoborna unborn
iǫrovǫllr field (stony or gravelly); Stonyvales
iǫtunheimr realm of the giants
iǫtunn giant
Írskr Irish
ísabrot ice breaking
Ísland Iceland
Ísleifr Isleif
Íslendingabók Icelanders Book
íss ice, icicle
ístra paunch-fat
istrumagi gut (fat gut)
íþrótt  accomplishment 
Ívarr Ivar
íviðia witch, 'she who dwells in the wood', giantess
j - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
yes
jaðarr edge
jafn equal
jafna trim (v)
jafnaðr equality
jafnaðr justice
jafnan always 
jafnan ever, always
jafnberr exposed equally
jafndægri equinox
jafningi equal
jafnlangr length (of equal length)
jafnsnimma at the same time
jafnspakir equally wise
jarðfastr fixed in the earth
jarðligr earthly; worldly
jarl earl; free-born man, gentleman
jarmr screaming
jarn, járn iron, weapon
járnleikr battle
járnsmiðr iron-smith
játa agree to (v) 
jǫfnuðr equality
jǫfurr king
jǫfurr prince
jǫkull glacier
jól Yule, midwinter heathen feast, later applied to Christmas
jóla-aptann Christmas Eve
jǫrð earth, world; ground, soil
Jórsalafarar crusaders
jǫru-fægir warrior
jǫtunn giant
jǫtunn-móðr rage (giant's rage)
k - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
kæra accuse (v)
kæra lay a charge against (v)
kærr close
kæsia halberd (a kind of halberd), long spear
kala cold (be cold), become cold, freeze
kaldr cold
kálfr calf
kalla call (v)
kalla cry out (v)
kalla say (v), declare; call, cry out; name
kamphundr carrion eater
kann search (v)
kanna explore (v)
kapp contest, competition; spirit, ardor, courage
kapp  arch 
kappi champion, hero
karfi ship (middle-sized cargo and troop ship)
karl churl
karl common man
karl man
karlmaðr man
kasta (að) throw, cast
kastali castle
kátr merry
kaun boil
kaun sore
kaup bargain
kaup wages
kaupa buy (v); make a bargain
kaupeyrir wares
kaupmaðr merchant
kaupmaðr trader
kaupstefna market
keipr boat (small boat), canoe
kelda fountain
kelda spring
kengr bend
kengr  arbitration 
kenna (d) know (v); perceive; taste; feel; recognize; name, tell; teach
kerling old woman
kerling hag (old hag)
ketill cauldron
Ketill Ketil
ki not
kið kid
kikna (að) weaken (give way at the knees)
Kíli Kili
kind child; baby; offspring, progeny, family, kin
kinn cheek
kippa (ð, t) pull, jerk; snatch, pick up; rend
kirkja church
kista box
kista chest
kjóll ship
kjǫlr keel
kjǫptr jaw
kjósa choose (v), select; pick out something for someone, determine; acquire something for someone
klæða clothe (v)
klæði clothing
klæði garment
klaka chatter (v)
klappa knock (v)
kljúfa cleave
klofna split (v)
klóra scratch (v)
kná (knátta) can, be in a position to; may
knappr knob
knattarbarki ship (nail-studded ship)
kné knee
kneppa (t) fasten (v), button; pull
knífr knife
knǫð duty
knoða knead (v)
knörr (knarrar) ship (cargo ship)
knǫttr ball
knǫttr sphere
knúi knuckle
knúta knuckle-bone
knútr knot
knyja struggle (v)
kœrr dear
kǫgursveinn infant
kol charcoal
kol coals
kólf-skot arrow shot distance
kollóttr bald
koma come about (v)
koma recover (v)
koma come (v), arrive; reach; obtain; occur
kona woman, wife
kǫngull bunch
kǫngull cluster
Konunga-ævi Kings' Lives, Life (Story) of the Kings
konungr king
konungs-garðr king’s hall and court
konungs-maðr king’s man
kǫpuryrði boasting
korn corn
korn grain
kossungr jacket (sleeveless jacket)
kosta put forth effort (v)
kostnaðr cost
kostnaðr expense
kostr choice, alternative; offer; chance, opportunity; money available; match, marriage; condition, quality; terms
kǫttr cat
kraki pole-ladder
kraptr strength
krás dainty
krefja ask (v)
krefja crave (v)
krellr hardihood
krellr spirit
krikta complain (v)
krikta cry out (v)
Kristinn Christian
Kristr Christ
krjúpa creep, (v) crouch
krókr hook
krǫptugr stroke
krǫptugr strong
kross cross
kuensami skirt chaser
kunna know (v), know how to; be able
kunnandi accomplishments
kunnandi knowledge
kunnigr known
kunningi acquaintance
kunnr known
kunnusta ability 
kunnusta knowledge
kurteisliga courteously, with dignity
kvæði poem
kváma arrival
kván wife
kvángaðr married
kvángask marry (v)
kvánlauss unmarried
kveða declare (v)
kveða recite (v)
kveða say (v), declare; utter, say in verse; recite; utter a cry
kveðja call up (v)
kveðja greet (v)
kveðja salute (v)
kveðja summon (v)
kveðja greeting, salute
kveisa boil
kveld evening
kvelda (að) evening draws in (impers.)
kveldsǫngr evensong
kvenna wive's
kvennalið women
kveykva kindle (v)
kveykva light (v)
kví sheepfold
kviðlingr ditty
kviðr belly
kvikindi animals; living being, creature
kvikr alive, living
kvilla sickness
kvisa whisper (v)
kvistr branch
kvistr twig
kvǫð duty
kykr living
kykr alive, animate
kykvendi animals 
kyll knapsack
kyn kin, kindred, origin, kind
kynkvísl descendants
kynkvísl lineage
kynligr strange
kynslóð family line, progeny
kýr cow
kyrr quiet
kyrtill kirtle, tunic
kyssa kiss (v)
l - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
blood, ruddiness, vital warmth
harm, destruction, misfortune, bane
læging disgrace; humiliation
lægja sink (v)
lægja (ð) lower (v); (impers.) sink
lær-leggr thigh-bone
læsa lock (v)
læsa shut up (v)
læti bearing, (pl.) gestures, manner; voice
læti noise
lag layer
lag position
lag stratum
lag fate (preordained fate); lay, order, disposition; (pl.)
lág log
lágr small
lagsmaðr companion
land land, country
landaleitan exploration
landauðn depopulation
landaurar land-dues; a tax paid by Icelanders to the king upon arrival in Norway
landi fellow-country-man
landnám settlement
landnámamaðr settler
land-skjálpti earthquake
lands-log law of the land
landsuðr soth-east
land-suðr south-east
langlífr long-lived
langniðiar family tree (long line of forefathers or long line of descendants)
langr long
langskip warship
langt length (a long way)
lasta blame (v)
lasta speak ill of (v)
láta put, place; let, allow; concede, yield; leave, leave off; lose; cause to be done, command; behave (as if); declare; sound
laufgrœnn leaf-green
laufsblað leaf
laug bath
lauga bathe (v)
laukr leek; (general) plant
laun reward
laun secrecy
launa reward (v)
lausang falseness
lauss free
lauss unsteady
lauss loose, free
lax salmon
ledrhals leather neck
leggja place (v), lay, put; put down, lay down; move, bring; thrust, throw; make; give
leggr leg
leggr bone (hollow bone of arms and legs); leg
leið road, path; way, journey; manner, fashion
leiða (dd) lead
leiðangr ship; naval forces
leiðitamr genial
leiðr hateful
leifa (ð) leave after death
leiga hire (v)
leiga rent (v)
leika play (v)
leika sport (v)
leikr game, sport, contest
leira mud-flat
leita see (v)
leita (að) seek, search for; find; try to go, go; attack
lemja break(v)
lendr landed
lengð length
lengi long; far; for a long time
lengja lengthen (v)
lengja prolong (v)
lengr longer
lengst longest
lérept clothes
lérept linen
lesa gather (v)
lesa express, concoct
lesta injure (v)
letja (latti) hinder (v), dissuade
létta cease (v)
létta lift (v)
létta stop (v)
leyðra wash (v)
leyfa praise (v)
leyna (d) conceal
leysa depart (v)
leysa purchase (v)
leysa redeem (v)
leysa tear (v)
leysa untie (v)
lið people; band, host; troops; herd; help, aid
líða move, go; pass, progress
liði follower
liðr joint
liðveizla help
liðveizla support
líf life
lifa (ð) live (v)
lífdagar life
liflátinn dead
lífs  alive 
liggja lie (down); lie ill; be situated; lie low, be slain; lodge, sleep; lie at anchor
lik, lík corpse
líka (að) please, be pleasing
líkami body
líki equal
líki form
líki like
líki shape
líkindi likelihood
líkligr likely
líknstafr statement (favorable statement), esteem, warm regard
líkr, glíkr like; likely; similar to; corresponding to, in accordance with
lík-sproti spar for bracing sail
lími besom
lími branch
lín linen
lind lime-tree
lind shield
linr kindly
liónar people (pl.)
list art
líta see (v)
líta seem (v)
líta take into consideration (v)
líta look; see; regard
litask (að) look about (v)
lítill little, short
lítillátliga humbly
lítilræði trifle
litklæði colored (dyed) clothes
litlauss colorless
litlauss pale
litr color
litr complexion
Litr Lit, Wise
litr looks, appearance; color(ing)
lítt little
ljá lend (v)
ljómi radiance
ljós light, lantern
ljóss bright
ljóss clear
ljósta strike (v)
ljótr ugly
ljúga tell a lie (v)
lǫð invitation; hospitality
loðbrók shaggy-breeches
lodinkinni shaggy hair
loðinn hairy
Lóðurr Lothur
lœkr brook, stream
lof praise
lofa (að) praise (v); allow, permit
Lofarr Lofar
lofðungr prince, king
lófi palm of the hand
lof-kvæði encomium; poem of praise
lǫg constitution
lǫg law
lǫg laws
loga blaze (v)
lóga part with (v)
lǫgberg law-rock
logi flame
log-kœnn law capable (skilled in the law)
logn calm
logr sea, water
lǫgsǫgu-maðr law-speaker of the assembly
lokrekkja bed-closet
lǫn row
Lóni Loni, Sea-pool
lopt aloft 
lopt air, sky; upper room
losna become loose (v)
lostigr willing
lǫngubak fishbelly
lúðr trumpet
lúka finish (v), end; use up
lund character
lund manner
lund mood
lund nature
lund way
lús louse
lúta bend (v)
lúta bow (v)
lúta pay reverence to (v)
lýðr people; (pl.) men
lygi falsehood
lygi lie
lykð end
lykill key
lykkja knot
lykkja loop
lyndisbragð temper
lypta lift (v)
lypting poop-deck
lypting stern (high decked part of stern)
lysa dawn (v)
lysa illuminate (v)
lysa proclaim (v)
lysta desire (v)
lysta wish (v)
m - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
rub (v)
maðr man, person; husband; henchman
mækir sword
mæla (t) speak (v)
mær maiden
mæra (ð) praise (v)
mærð praise; encomium
mærr famous, noble, glorious
magi stomach
magr thin
mágr brother-in-law
mainsamr harmful
makligr fitting
mál case
mál cause
mál conversation
mál dialect
mál discussion
mál language
mál season, period of time; measure; time, meal-time; speech, talk; tale, story; information
mál tale, story; speech, talk; information
málaferli lawsuits
malm-hrið battle, storm of metal
malm-þing battle, meeting of weapons
málstefna conference
man house-folk
mánaðr month
máni moon
manlíkan human likeness or form, being in human shape
manna-boð feast
mannaðr educated (well educated), accomplished
mannaforrá authority
mannamót meeting
mannavegr road
mannboð feast
manndráp manslaughter
mannfall slaughter
mannfolk mankind; people
manngi no one, nobody
mannliga valiantly
mann-ligr human
mannskaði manslaughter
mannvænn promising
mannvirðing credit
mannvirðing honor
mannvit human intelligence, common sense
Már Mar, Corpse
már, mór seagull, mew
marglóð gold
margr many (a)
margspakr wise (very wise)
mark sign
mark token, sign; of little account
marr horse
marr sea
martirium martyrdom
matarilli food stingy
matask dine (to eat a meal)
mat-borð table laid with food
matbúa prepare food (v)
mat-búa cook, to prepare food
matnaðr pride
matr food; meal
matsveinn cook
máttr ability 
máttr might
máttugr mighty
maurr ant 
með with; by means of; among; along
með frjálsu peace (in peace)
með_því_at because, inasmuch as
meðal between
meðalsnotr clever, moderately wise
meðan while, as long as, whilst; in the meantime
mega can, be able to; may
megin strength; might, power, ability; supernatural strength
megin-gjarðar Thor’s girdle of strength
megin-grimmr terrible
meginland mainland
meiða injure (v)
meiða maim (v)
meiðmar treasures
meiðr pole, tree-trunk
mein injury, pain, harm, hurt; disease, plague
mein pain
meinfretr stinkfart
meinlauss sinless
meinsamr violent, harmful
meiri more, bigger
meizi injury, mutilation
melrakki white fox
men necklace, jewel, treasure
mengi multitude, host
menn-skurð lady, wearer of necklace
mennt accomplishment 
mennt art
menntr well-bred, accomplished
menskr human
mergr marrow
merki banner
merki boundary
merki sample
merr mare
mersing brass
mersin-spónn spoon (brass spoon)
messa feast-day, mass
mestr most, greatest
meta estimate (v), value
metnaðargjarn ambitious 
metnaðr glory
met-orð esteem
meyla little girl
miðgarðr Midgard, Middle-enclosure, the world of men
miðla mediate (v)
miðla (að) share out (v), distribute
miðli, milli, millum between, among
miðr middle, the middle of
miðsumar midsummer
mikill great, large, big; severe
mikillæti pride, presumption
mikilúðligr imposing, of distinguished appearance
mikit greatly
mikla (að) gain fame, (mid.) acquire fame; make great, 'embiggen'
miklimunnr big, loud mouth
mildr generous
mildr merciful
minka be diminished (v)
minka lessen (v)
minn my, mine, of me
minna remind (v)
minni less
minni toast (usually in honor of the dead), memorial cup
minstr least
Minþakseyrr Minthak's Shoal
Miǫðvitnir Mjothvitnir, Mead-wolf
miǫtviðr Measure-tree: well-proportioned tree; tree which measures extent or limits of the world, tree which metes out fate
misjafnt unequally
miski offense
miskummsamr merciful
miskunn grace
miskunn mercy
mislíka displease (v)
missa (t) be without; lose
missegja relate incorrectly
mjoðr mead; ódins mjoðr, poetry
mjǫk much; very
mjǫl flour
mjǫl meal
mjolbelgr meal-bag
mjólka milk (v)
mjonefr stingy, thin nose
mjǫtuðr dispenser of fate
mødherne mother’s side (of descent)
móðir mother
móðr fury, wrath
móðr weary
móðr tired
mœði exhaustion, weariness
mœta (tt) meet (v); deal with; (mid.) join, meet
mǫgr boy, young man; man; son; (pl.) kindred
mǫl gravel
mol gravel; haukstrandar mol, gold rings
mold earth
mold mould
mold soil, earth (as substance)
moli bits
moli piece
mǫn mane
Mǫrðr Morth
mórðvíg murder
morginn morning
mǫrk forest
mǫrk mark (of silver)
morna (að) waste away (v)
mosi moss
mǫsurr maple
mót manner
mót towards
mót meeting
mótgørð annoyance 
mótgørð offense
móti against; towards; to meet
Mótsognir Motsognir
muðr mouth
muna remember (v)
Munarvágr Munarvag
mund hand
mungát ale 
mungát drink
munknǫrr mind, ship of the mind
munkr monk
munnr mouth
munr difference
munr heart
munr mind
munstrǫnd heart, breast, shore of the mind
muntún mind-enclosure
munu will, be about to; will be; must; might
munuð love (physical)
murtr fish (a small fish)
mús mouse
musa mouse
mykjask be softened (v)
mynd form
mynd shape
myrkr darkness
myrkr (van) dark
myrkva grow dark (v)
myrr bog
myrr swamp
n - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
ná (ð) get, obtain
nábúi neighbor
naðr serpent
næmnæe greet (give formal welcome to), give one’s name
nær closely
nær nearly
nær near, nearer, close to, close by
nær when
næsta nearly
næstr next
nætr-elding dawn
nafn name
nagl nail
nakkvarr, nǫkkurr a, a certain; any
nálgask come up to  (v)
Náli Nali
náliga almost 
náliga nearly
nánd proximity
nár corpse
nári groin
nátta become night (v)
náttúra spirits
náttúra nature, characteristic quality, property
náttverðr supper
nauð(r) distress, harm; poverty
nauðigr, nauðugr unwilling, against one's will
nauðsyn necessity
nauðsyn need
náungi kinsman
not; nor
neðan underneath, from below or beneath
neðar lower
neðri lower
nef nose
nef-bjorg nose-piece (of armor)
neffǫlr yellow-beaked
nefna (d) name (v), call; mention
nef-steði  anvil with a sharp point  
neinn no, none
neiss shamed
neita (tt) refuse (v), deny
nema take (v) ; take possession of; catch, strike against; amount to
nema unless; except
neppr dying, slight, faint
nest provisions
nið hostility, contumely
nið moon (waning moon)
níða slander (v)
nidher-slä strike down, fell
Niði Nithi, Waned-moon
niðings-verk shameful deed(s)
niðr down
niðr kinsman, son, scion
niðri down; below
nío nine
nipt sister
níu nine
njósn news
njóta enjoy (v)
njóta have the use of (v)
njóta benefit, get benefit from
nlgask  appoint 
nógr abundant 
nógr enough, abundant
nógu sufficiently
Nói Noah
nøkkviðr ill-clad
nøkkviðr naked, ill-clad
norðanverðr northern
Norðmaðr Norwegian
norðr northwards
Norðri North
Norðymbraland Northumbria
Nóri Nori
Norrœnn Norwegian
Norvegr north way; Norway
nǫs nostril
nótt night
now
Nýi Nyi, New-moon
ný-kominn newly arrived
nylunda news
nyr new
Nýráðr Nyrath, New-counsel
nýsa (t) search (v), peer, investigate
nyta avail (v)
nyta eat (v)
nyta profit (v)
nyta use (v)
nytr useful
o - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
ó-áran dearth; bad season
óbirgr unprovided
óbrigðr reliable, unfailing
óbygð wilderness
ódæll overbearing
ódæll difficult, troublesome to deal (with); overbearing
oddr point
Óðinn Odin, Othin
ǫðlask earn (v)
ǫðlask win (v)
ódr frantic
óðr furious
óðr enraged; wood, raving, frenzied, raging, mad with fear; (name of Freyja's husband or lover) Od
óðr mental faculties, voice
ódrengskapr meanness
œ - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
œgis-hjálmr terrorize; intimidate; 'helm of terror'
œpa (t) cry out (v)
œrinn sufficient, enough
œrit enough (adv)
œrit sufficient
œrr mad, frantic
œska youth
of pride
of over; across, through; around, about; concerning; because of; for
of drykkja drinking (excessive drinking), over-drinking
of síðir at last
ófadnaðr injustice
ófærr impassable
ofan down, from above; southwards
ofarliga high up
oflængi too long
oflati dandy, gaudy person
ǫflugr strong, powerful
ófœra peril
ófǫlr dark
ófrær barren
ófrær unproductive
óframliga timidly
ofreflismaðr power (one's superior power)
ófriðr hostility, war
ofríki tyranny
ofríkí overbearing
ofrǫlvi drunk (excessively drunk)
ofsa exaggerate (v)
ofsi pride
ǫfugr backwards, turned the wrong way
ófúss unwilling
ógæfa misfortune
ógagn harm
ógagn hurt
ógagnvænligr unprofitable
ógagnvænligr useless
óglaðr glum
ógleði depression
ógleði sadness
ógǫrr undone
ógurligr terrible
óhægindi discomfort
óhapp misfortune
ó-hœgr difficult
óhóf pride
óhræddr unafraid, without fear
óhreinn impure
ójafnaðr unfairness
ójafnask (að) diverse, become unequal
ok and, also; but, though
ókátr gloomy, depressed
ókræsi-legr dirty
ókræsi-legr filthy
ókunnigr unknown
ókviðinn undismayed
ǫl beer
ǫl ale
Óláfr Olaf
ǫld age; mankind, humanity, world; (pl.) human beings, men
ǫlðr ale; ale-party
ǫldungr hero
Ǫlfossá turbulent river,  Ale-Force (foaming waterfall) River
ólíkligr unlikely
ólíkr unlike, unlike to, different from
ǫlker ale-cask 
ǫlr drunk (on ale)
ólúgfróðr well-informed in good traditions
ómakligr undeserving
ómegin faintness
óminni forgetfulness, non-memory, oblivion
ǫnd breath
ǫnd soul
ǫndóttr fiery
ǫndóttr terrible
öndvegissúlur posts (High seat posts); pillars
Ǫnundarsonr Onundarson
ónytr useless
opinn open; on one's back
opna (að) open (cut open)
opnask be opened (v)
opnask (að) open (be open)
opt often, frequently; as often as possible, always
optar again 
optar oftener
ór out of, from; of; with the material of
ǫr arrow
óráðinn undecided
orð message
orð word; speech, conversation
orðsending message
orðstírr fame
orðstírr renown
orðsviðr proverb
orð-tœki phrase, expression
ørendi message
ørendi mission
óreyndr untried
ørgrandr fair-minded
ørgrandr honest
ørindi breath
ǫrk ark
orka strength, might
orka work (v)
orlof permission
ørlǫg destiny, fate; war
ørlǫglauss fateless (i.e. on whom fate has not yet been imposed)
ormr serpent
ormstunga serpent tongue
ǫrn eagle
órœkja (kt) neglect, fail to heed
órr our
ǫrr keen
ǫrr liberal
ǫrr swift
orrosta battle
øruggr safe
øruggr secure
øruggr trusty
ørvænn unlikely
órval dregs
ǫrvendr left-handed
ørviti mad, out of one's senses
ósælligr ill-favored
ósælligr wretched
ósæmd dishonor
ósakaðr unhurt
ósárr unhurt
ósjaldan repeatedly, not seldom
oskilgetinn born out of wedlock
óskírðr unbaptized
óskorinn unshorn
óskylt duty (negated), not one’s duty
ósnjallr unwise, foolish
ósómi dishonor
ósómi ignominy
óss estuary
óst throat
ósterkligr weak
óþokku-ligr dirty, nasty
otruligr unbelievable
otta-lauss without fear
ótti fear, dread
ó-vænligr unlikely
óvættr monster
óvarliga incautiously
óvarr unaware
óvendiliga carelessly
ó-verk deed (wicked deed)
óvinr enemy
óvirðing disgrace
óvíss uncertain
óvistuligr desolate
óvitr ignorant
óvitr uninformed
óvitrligr unwise
øx axe
p - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
papi monk (Irish monk), Culdee
penning penny
penningr coin
pína mortify (v)
prestr priest
prúðr proud
prúðr splendid
prútt gallantly
q - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
qlfuss drunkard
r - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
ráð advice, counsel; expedient, means; plan; agreement
ráð authority
ráð intention
ráð policy
ráð wish
ráða arrange (v)
ráða consult about (v)
ráða counsel (v)
ráða go (v)
ráða rule (v)
ráða set (v)
ráða advise, counsel; discuss; plot; set, arrange; decide; govern; prevail; have to deal with; go, take one's way
ráðligr advisable 
Ráðsviðr Rathsvith, Counsel-sharp
ræfr roof
ræna plunder (v), rob, deprive of
ráena rob (v)
Ragnarsson Ragnar's son
raka rake (v)
rakki dog
rá-lík sail (vertical leech of sail) (ship/sailing term)
rammligr strong
rás hurry (v)
rás race
rasa rush (v)
rasa stumble (v)
rata fall down (v)
rata (að) travel about, rove
rauðlitaðr ruddy
rauðr red
rauðskeggkaðr red-bearded
rauf hole
raun test
raun trail
réa vex (v)
regin gods, (pl.) powers, rulers
reginkunnr divine, of divine origin
Reginn Regin
reið riding
reið chariot; riding
reiða raise (v)
reiða service
reiða swing (v)
reiða swing up (v)
reiði anger 
reiði trappings
reiði wrath
reiði harness, trappings; rigging, tackle
reiðr angry 
reifr cheerful
reip rope
reip trace
reisa (t) raise, set up
reisiligr fine
reka avenge (v)
reka depose (v)
reka thrust (v)
reka drive
reki jetsam
rekkja bed
rekkr warrior, man
rella gripe
réna diminish (v)
réna dwindle (v)
renna run (v)
rétt (r) right, rightly
rétta atone for (v)
rétta (tt) reach, stretch up or out; raise; put right
réttligr correct
réttr cause
réttr condition
réttr just, fair; right, correct; unswerving; direct
réttr law
réttr treaty
réttr unswerving
Reykjarvík Bay of Smoke, Reykjavik
reykr smoke
reyna (d) prove (v), try
ríða twist (v)
ríða wind (v)
ríða ride; ride over
riddari rider, horseman
rif reef (ship/sailing term)
rif rib
rífa rip (v)
rífa tear (v)
ríki authority
ríki kingdom; power, authority
ríkr powerful, great, magnificent
rinna run (v)
ript clothes
rísa get up (v)
rísa rise (v)
risna hospitality
risna liberality
ríta write (v); cut runes
rjóða make red (v), redden
rjóðr clearing
rjóðr red
rjóðr ruddy
rjúka reek (v), smoke; go flying, tumble
rest
róa row (v)
rǫcstóll judgment or council seat
rǫð rank
rǫdd voice
roðinn reddened
rǫðull sun
rœða conversation
rœða talk
rœða (dd) speak (v)
rof opening
róg contention
róg slander
rǫnd rim; shield
röng hull (frame of ship's hull)
rǫskliga gallantly
rót root
róta (að) upset (v), throw into disorder
rúm hold or compartment in hold (ship/sailing term)
rúm room, space; seat; bed
rún mysteries
rún secret, secret wisdom, secret writing, rune
ryðja clear (v)
ryðja empty (v)
ryðja prepare (v)
s - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
that
sá er whoever, he who
saðr true
sæla happiness; prosperity
sæll fortunate, happy
sællifðr living happily, having a happy life
sæmd honor
sæmiligr honorable
Sæmundr Saemund
sæng bed
sær (sævar) sea, inlet of the sea; lake
særa wound
sæta (tt) signify (v), amount to
sæti seat
sætt reconciliation, settlement of suits
sætta reconcile (v)
sævargangr surge of sea; flood
safna collect (v)
safna gather (v)
saga story; history
saka do harm (v)
saklauss innocent, guiltless
sakna miss (v)
sál soul
salr hall, house consisting of one room; (pl.) (a complex) dwelling; ground
sama befit, beseem (v)
saman together
sameign dealings
samgangr conflict
samna collect (v)
samna gather (v)
samnaðr gathering
samnaðr host
samr same
sandr sand; beach, shore
sanna (að) affirm; (refl.) prove to be true (v)
sannindi truth (pl.)
sannliga truly
sannligr fair
sannr, saðr true
sár wound
sárr painful
sárr sore
sárr wounded
sási this
sáttr reconciled
sauðamaðr shepherd
sauma sew (v)
saurr filth
saurr mud
sax knife
Sculd norn (name of a norn); (name of a valkyrie); Shall
sefask be pacified (v)
seggr man, warrior; boy, hero
segja stipulate (v)
segja (sagða) say (v), speak; tell, tell of; relate
segl sail
seiðr enchantment
seiðr spell
seiling graspingness
seinn slow
seinn tedious
seint coldly
seint slowly
sekr outlawed
sekt outlawry
sekt penalty
selja give (v); sell
sem as; as if, that; while; when; where
senda (d) send
sendiferð errand
sendiferð mission
sendimaðr messenger
senn straightway
serkr shirt
sess rower's seat
set seat, room in which one sits, raised wooden floor along the walls of a hall; (pl.) residence(s)
setja make (v)
setja set (v), place, put; seat; set up; establish; endow; direct; hurl; adorn
setstokkar beam (The partition beam from a hall)
sétti sixth
sex six
sextán sixteen
seyðir fire (cooking fire)
síð late
síða bewitch; practice sorcery
síða side
síðan because
síðan since then, afterwards
síðar later
síðast latest
síðastr last
siðr custom
siðr hanging
siðr religion
síðr long
siðvenja custom
sifjar affinity 
sifjaslit incest
siga sink (v)
siga yield (v)
Sighurþarsun Sigurtharson
sigla sail (v)
sigling sailing
sigr (rs) victory
sigra overcome (v)
sik self (him-, her-, it-self; them-selves; one-self)
silfr silver
sínn own (v), one's own
sinn(i) time, occasion
sinni host
sinni companion
sipill potlicker
sitja remain (v)
sitja reside (v)
sitja stay (v)
sitja sit (v); stay, remain; reside
sízt least
sjá gaze (v)
sjá see (v), perceive; find; understand; look
sjá this
sjaldan seldom
sjálfili free-will
sjálfr self; him-, her-, it-self; themselves
sjálfráðr free
sjálfsáinn self-sown
sjálfvili free-will
sjau seven
sjau hundruð ok þrír tigir seven hundred thirty
sjau tigir seventy
sjóða boil (v)
sjóða cook (v)
sjón gaze
sjór sea
sjǫt abode 
sjǫt company
sjǫt host
skaða do harm to (v)
skaði damage, loss
skær steed
skafa allot (v) 
skafa scrape (v)
Skáfiðr Skafith
skáld poet
skáldskapr poetry
skáli hall, sleeping-hall; shed
skálpr scabbard
skammr short
skap character
skap temper
skapa (að) create (v); make, shape; determine
skapa  applause 
skapari creator
skapfeldr agreeable 
skapgóðr good-tempered
skapleikr character
skapleikr disposition
skaplyndi disposition
skaplyndi mood
skapraun annoyance 
skapraun vexation
skapsmunir disposition
skapt handle
skarðr diminished
skartsmaðr dandy
skati leader
skati ruler
skaut border
skaut hem
skaut sheet (ship/sailing term)
skegg beard
skeggjaðr bearded
skeið course
skeið race
skeið running-ground
skelfa (ð) frighten (v), make tremble
skellr blow
skellr stroke
skemmr shorter
skemta amuse  (v)
skemta entertain (v)
skemtiligr entertaining
skemtiligr  amusing 
skemtun pastime
skemtun  amusement 
skepia (skóp, skapða) make, create; pronounce, impose, decree
sker rock
skera slaughter (v)
skera cut (v), shear; cut through; cut open, pierce; make incisions, carve
skíð snow-skate
skíð wood (block of wood); wooden tablet or stave; one of the boards forming a door frame
skikkja cloak
skilja perceive (v)
skilja separate (v)
skilja understand (v)
skilja (ð, d) divide (v), separate; disband; understand, perceive
skillingr money
skillingr shilling
skilnaðr parting
skína shine (v); flash, gleam, emit rays
skinn fur
skinn skin
skinnavara fur-ware
skip ship, boat
skipa crowd (v)
skipa equip (v)
skipa place (v)
skipa provide (v)
skipa throng (v)
skipa (að) occupy (v); array, draw up; assign (a seat); put in order; set
skipan change
skipan crew
skipflak wreck
skipsbrot shipwreck
skipta amount to (v)
skipta change (v)
skipta shape (v)
skipta (t) divide (v), share; exchange; decide
skipti dealings (pl.)
skíra baptize (v)
skirja cow (young cow)
skírn baptism
Skirvir Skirvir
skjald-borg shield wall, protection
skjálfa shake (v), tremble
skjarr shy
skjóðupungr skin-purse
skjǫldr shield
skjólfa shake (v), tremble
skjóta hop (v)
skjóta shoot (v), throw
skjót-fœri swiftness
skjót-fœri speed
skjótla quickly
skjótleikr fleetness
skjótr swift, quick
skóð weapon
skoða (að) look, spy
skógar-maðr outlaw
skóg-land forest, wood
skógr forest, wood
skokkr box
skokkr receptacle
skǫmm shame
skór shoe
skǫr hair
skǫr locks
skorta be lacking (v)
skǫruligr magnificent
skǫruligr manly
skósveinn page
skósveinn servant
skot-hríð shower of missiles
skótt quickly
Skozkr Scottish
skreppa slip (v)
skreyja incompetent
skriða landslide
skríða glide (v)
skríða ski (v)
skrifa (að) write (v)
skrípi horror
skrípi phantom
skrúð cloth
skrúð mailcoat; cloth, stuff
skuld debt
skuldalið family
skulu must, shall, ought
skúta boat, small ship
skutilsveinn trencherman
skutr cabin (back cabin)
sky cloud
skyggna (d) spy, peer
skyld reason
skyld sake
skyldr obliged, obligatory; related to; right
skyn knowledge
skynda (d) hurry, cause to hasten; (intr.) hasten
skyndiliga hastily
skyndiliga quickly
skynsamliga carefully
skynsamliga intelligently
skyrr manifest
skýrr clear, manifest
skyrta coat
skyrta kirtle
slá forge (v)
slá mow (v)
slá smite (v)
slá strike (v), smite
slátr flesh
slátr meat
slátra slaughter (v)
slefja dribbler
sleita quarrel (v)
sletta slap (v)
sléttr level
sléttr smooth
slíðir scabbard
slíðir sheath
slíðrar scabbard
slíðrar sheath
slíðrar, -ir scabbard, (pl.) sheath
slíkr such
slíta break (v)
slíta rend (v)
slíta snap (v)
slíta tear (v)
slitna break (v)
slitna snap (v)
slitri rag, torn piece
slœgr profit
slœgr clever, crafty
sløkkva extinguish (v)
sløngva hurl (v)
slungnir throw (v)
slyngva throw (v)
smalamaðr herdsman
smalamaðr shepherd
smali sheep
smá-menn men of little power, insignificant men
smár small, little
smáskitligr insignificant
smáskitligr undersized
smáþarmar small-guts
smíð building
smíða make (v)
smíða (að) build (v), forge, make
smíði object (made object)
smiðja smithy
smiðr artificer
snær snow
snara twist (v)
snarliga sharply
sneiða taunt (v)
snemt early
sneypa disgrace
sníða cut (v)
snimhendis early
snimma early
snjallr eloquent, clever in speech; brave
snjár snow
Snorradóttir Snorri's daughter
snót lady
snotr wise, clever
snúa tie (v)
snúa turn (v); direct
snúa twist, tie; turn; go; plait
sǫðull saddle
sœkja advance (v) 
sœkja attack
sœkja proceed (v)
sœkja seek, go to fetch; visit; proceed
sœmd redress
sœmð, sœmd honor; redress, compensation
sœmiligr becoming
Sœnskr Swede
Sœnskr Swedish
sœra (ð) wound (v)
sœri oaths
sofa sleep (v)
sofna fall asleep (v)
sǫgn account 
sǫgn report
sǫk action 
sǫk charge
sǫk offense
sǫk suit
sǫk lawsuit, dispute; sake; cause, reason
søkkva sink (v)
sókn fight, attack
sól sun
sólarsetr sunset
sólbjǫrg sunset
soltimm hungry
sóma (d) become, beseem (v)
sómi compensation
sonarson grandson
sǫngr clash
sǫngr singing
sǫngr song
sonr son
sópa sweep (v)
sopi mouthful
sortna grow dark (v)
sótt illness
sóttarfar sickness
spá prophecy, song of fate
spákona prophetess
spakr wise, learned; quiet
spara (ð, að) spare; grudge, deny
speki wisdom; branch of learning, body of knowledge
speld shutter
spenna (t) span (v), clasp
spiall spell, words, tiding; (pl.) tale
spilla spoil (v)
spilla (t) destroy, spoil
spjǫr spears
spjót spear
spǫlr bar
spǫlr rail
spor wound
sporðr tail
sporna (að) tread, spurn, set one's feet upon
spretta split (v)
spretta spring (v)
springa spring (v)
spyrja find out (v)
spyrja (spurði) trace, find out (about); hear; ask
spyrna (d) kick; place the feet
staddr placed
staddr staying
staðfesta farm
staðfesta homestead
staðr place, spot, dwelling; part; way, respect
stafkarl beggar
stafkarl tramp
stafn stern
stafr crozier
stafr staff
stag stay (ship/sailing term)
stál steel
stallari marshal
stallr stall; perch (for hawks)
standa stand (firm) (v); get up; take up a position; be in a place; remain valid; be in a specified condition; trend, flow; weigh
starf trouble
starf trouble, work
starfa work (v)
steði anvil 
stefna advance (v) 
stefna summon (v)
steinn stone, rock
stela steal, rob
sterkliga strongly
sterkr strong
steypa totter (v)
stiarna star
stíga step (v)
stíga walk (v)
stígr path
stígr way
stigræip stirrup
stikill point
stikla leap (v)
stikla run (v)
stilla arrange (v)
stiltr controlled
stinga stab (v)
stirðr stiff
stjarna star
stjórna rule over (v)
stóðhross mare
stóðhross stud-horse
stǫðva stop (v)
stoeðingr brace (ship/sailing term)
stofa sitting-room
stokkr plank
stokkr log, piece of wood; beam
støkkva drive
støkkva snap (v)
støkkva spring (v)
stǫng pole
stǫng staff
stórmenska generosity
stórmerki mystery, sacrament; notable thing
stórr huge, great
stórráðr daring
stórráðr haughty
stórráðr  ambitious 
stórskorinn huge (of huge proportions)
stórum hugely
strá strew (v)
stráa strew (v)
straumr current
straumr stream
strengja fasten (v)
strengr rope, cable (ship/sailing term)
stríðr severe
strjúka rub (v)
strjúka stroke (v)
strǫnd beach
strǫnd strand
stund time; period of time; hour
stundar very, quite
stundi groan (v)
stundum sometimes
styðja rest (v)
styðja (dd) support (v); provide with supports; use as a support; stab or pierce from all sides
styggr shy
stynja moan (v)
stynr groan
styra direct (v)
styra rule (v)
styra swing (v)
stýra (ð) steer, direct; wield; own
styri helm
stýri rudder, helm
stýrismaðr steersman
styrkr assistance
styrkr strength
styrktarmaðr benefactor
styrktarmaðr supporter
suðr southwards
suðr-æt the south
Suðreyskr Hebrides resident, someone from the Hebrides
suðr-gangr journey south (to Rome)
Suðri South
suðr-maðr southerner
suðrœn from the south
súðþakiðr roofed with overlapping boards
sumar summer
sumars-dagr day of summer
sumar-viðr wood (summer wood) (i.e. wood collected in summer for charcoal as opposed to wood for heating purposes in winter)
sumr some
sund sound
sund strait
sundr asunder
sunnan southern, from the south
sunnan-þoka mist from the south
sút sorrow
sút winter
svá so, thus, in this way; also; as, as if
Svafrlami Svafrlami
svala swallow (v)
svalr cool, cold
svanr sea-bird
svar answer
svara (að) answer (v)
svarðlauss grassless
svartr black
sváss beloved
sváss sweet
svefn sleep
svefnhús sleeping-room
sveigja bend (v)
sveimun soaring, flitting
sveinbarn boy
sveinn boy
sveinn lad
sveinn servant
sveinstaul boy
sveinstauli urchin
sveipa encircle (v)
sveipa sweep (v)
sveipa swing (v)
sveipa wrap (v), encircle
sveit community
sveit district
sveit men (body of men); short lay
sveiti sweat
sveitungr follower, retainer
svelga swallow (v)
svell ice
svella swell (v), rise high
sverð sword
svíða burn (v)
svíða singe (v)
sviga lae fire (bane of switches)
svigi switch
svik treason
svíkja betray (v)
svima swim (v)
svinnr swift
svipan blow
svipan swing, sweep, blow
svipting struggle
Svíurr Sviur
svívirðing disgrace
swær father-in-law
syn sight
syna exist (v)
syna show (v)
sýna (d) show; (mid.) appear to be, seem; exist
synja deny (v)
synja (að) refuse (v), deny
syrgja sorrow (v)
syrgja weep (v)
sysla business
systir sister; jotna systir, giantess
systkin brother and sister
systrungr cousin
sytnr moaning
t - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
ta  argue 
taka capture (v)
taka elect (v)
taka take (v) , take hold of; seize, capture; take to oneself, undertake; choose; accept, receive; begin (with infin.); reach, touch, strike against; happen, come to pass
tákna mean (v)
tákna signify (v)
tal reckoning
tal talk
tal conversation; enumeration, list
tala account 
tala converse (v)
tala speak (v)
tala talk (v), speech; account
tala (að) talk, speak; (recip.) discuss, converse
tálma hinder (v)
taufr charms, talisman
taumr bridle
taumr rein
tefla (lð) play at 'tables', play board games
teitr merry
teitr cheerful, merry; frolicsome
Teitr Teit
telja consider (v)
telja say (v)
telja (talða) count (v), reckon; trace; number, enumerate; recount; declare
tengsl ropes
teygja entice (v)
tíð time
tíða desire (v)
tíðendi news, tidings; (pl.) events
tíðr happening
tíðr usual
tik dog (a female dog)
til in; of, concerning; on; as, for, to obtain; until, to, up to the time
til too, very
tilgørð merit
tilgørð provocation
tilkall claim
tilkváma importance
tillit glance, look
tilskipan arrangement
timbra (að) build, timber, construct
tími occasion
tími time
títt quickly
tjá avail (v)
tjá help (v)
tjald tent, canopy; pavilion
tjalda pitch (v)
tjaldáss? tentpole (debated)
Tófa Tofa
toga (að) pull
tól tool
tólf twelve
tólfti twelfth
tolla adhere (v) 
tǫng tong
tǫnn tooth
torf turf
torsóttr difficult
Tósti Tosti
trauðla hardly
trauðr unwilling, reluctant
traust confidence
traust protection
traust support
trautt scarcely
tré tree; log, beam
tregr reluctant
trémaðr scarecrow
trjóna pole
troða tread (v)
troða walk (v)
tróða pole
trog trough
trǫll troll
trú faith
trú religion
trúa troth
trúa (ð) believe; trust, have faith
trúliga thoroughly
trúliga truly
trúr safe
trúr trusty
tryggr safe
tryggr true
tryggr trusty
tún dwelling
tún enclosure
tún courtyard, (enclosed) field; home meadow; (pl.) farmstead; abode
tunga tongue
tungl moon
tunglskin moonlight
tuttugu twenty
tveir two
tvennr twofold
tyna perish (v)
týna (d) lose (v); forget (dat.)
Tyrfingr Tyrfing
þ - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
þá then
þá_er when
þaðan thence
þagall silent
þak roof
þak thatch
þakka thanks (v)
þan than
þangat thither
þannig thither
þar since
þar there, in that place
þar  although 
þarfr necessary
þarfr useful
Þeccr Thekk, Known
þegar at once
þegja be silent (v)
þegja (þagða) silence (be silent)
þegn servant
þeir they
þekja thatch, roof
þekkja notice (v)
þekkja recognize (v)
þengill king
þengill lord
þerra towel
þessi this
þiggja accept, receive
þili, þilja deck planking, deck
þing assembly (legal assembly)
þinghá assembly-district
þing-reið riding to attend the þing
þingvǫllr assembly-field
þinn thy, thine, of you
þióðlǫð invitation (friendly invitation)
þjá enslave (v)
þjó thigh
þjóð nation
þjóð people
þjóð race
þjóðann prince
þjóðann ruler
þjóna serve (v)
þjónustumaðr servant
þjóta rush (v)
þjóta resound; rush, flow
þó yet, and yet; however, nevertheless
þófi felt
þǫgn silence
þǫgull silent
þoka fog
þoka mist
þokk thanks
þola endure (v)
þola suffer (v)
þola tolerate (v)
þollr tree (the ash Yggdrasil); post, pillar; beam
þopta bench(rowing bench, thwart
þora (ð) dare (v)
þǫrf need, lack
þorgrímr Thorgrim
þóríðr Thorith
þorinn Thorin
þorkell Thorkel
þorlákr Thorlak
þrá obstinacy
þrá persistence
þræll slave
þræll thrall, slave
þræta deny (v), argue
þráinn Thrain
þrausk rummaging
þreifa grope (v)
þrek fortitude
þrek strength
þreklauss pithless
þreyja desire (v)
þreyta contend (v)
þriði third
þriðiungr third part; riding
þrífa grasp (v)
þrír three
þrjóta fail (v)
þróask grow (v)
þróask (að) thrive, grow (big), increase
þrǫmr edge, rim (of a shield)
þrøngva press (v)
þrøngva push (v)
Þrór Thror
þróttigr strong
þróttigr mighty
þróttlauss pithless
þrúðugr doughty
þrúðugr strong
þruma (ð) stand motionless, hover; remain silent
þrumði lie (v)
þrumði thunder (v)
þrumði welter (v)
þrymja lie (v)
þrymja resound (v)
þrymja thunder (v)
þrymja welter (v)
þrysvar thrice
þú thou, you
þungr difficult
þungr heavy
þunnr thin, stretched, strained
þurðr diminution
þurfa require (v)
þurfa (þarf, þurfta) need (v); (impers.) be necessary
þurr dry
þurs ogre
þurs giant
þúsand thousand
þvá wash (v)
þvengr lace
þvengr thong
þverr athwart
þverr across, athwart; adverse, contrary
þverra diminish (v)
þvertré cross-beam
þvíat since, because, for
þvílíkr such
þýða (dd) equalize (make equivalent), interpret as
þykkja (þótti) seem (v), be thought
þykkr thick
þylja (þuldi) recite (v)
þyrstr thirsty
þytr howling
u - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
uðr wave
úfr splint, sail pin (later luff) (ship/sailing term)
ugga fear (v)
ulfr wolf
um over, across; through, throughout; round, about; concerning
umbúð preparation
umbúningr outfil
umgjǫrð scabbard
umhverfis around
umrað help
umráð patronage
umrœða discussion
umsjá care
umskipti change
umsysla assistance
una contented (be contented); enjoy
und wound
undan under (from under); away; (thrown) down
undarliga strangely, wondrously
undarligr strangely
undarligr wondrous
undir under, below; beneath; up to; behind
undir under, below; in; up to; behind
undirfǫrull false
undirfǫrull underhand
undirmaðr underling
undorn midday (the time before or after the midday meal)
undr marvel
undrask be astonished at (v)
undrask (að) marvel at, be amazed at ; wonder at, be astonished (at)
ungmenni youth
ungr young
unna grant (v), allow; not grudge; love
unnr wave
unz until
uphiminn heavens ('upper heaven'), the heavens or sky above
upp up
uppdyri upper cross-piece of doorway, lintel
upphaf beginning
uppi up
uppreist success
uppréttr erect
uppruni origin
uppstertr elated
úr drizzle
urðr weird, (dire) fate; undoing, ruin; (pl.) fates, powers of fate; (name of a norn)
út out; from abroad
útan beyond
útan externally
útan outside (of); beyond; without
útanlands abroad 
útar farther out
útarliga far out
úti outside; out at sea; unsheltered
útibúr outhouse
útibúr shed
útlægr outlawed
útlagi outlaw
útlendr foreign
uxi ox
v - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
váð cloth; (pl.) clothes
vaða wade through, pass through
váðir clothes
vængr wing
væni expectation
vænn handsome, beautiful, fair to behold; likely
vænta (t) expect (v)
væta wet (to wet) (v), stain
vætki no one; not a whit, nothing
vætr nothing, not at all
vætta hope (v)
vættfang battlefield
vagga cradle
vagnkarl carter
vágr bay
vágr wave
vaka awake (be awake), stay awake; watch
vaka vigil
vaka watch (v)
vakti rouse (v)
vakti waken (v)
válað destiny
válað poverty
válaðr wretched, needy
vald power, control
valda cause (v)
valda wield (v), be the cause of
valdr wolf
Valfǫðr Valfothr, Father of the Slain, Odin
valr slain (the slain)
valslǫngva war-sling
valtæigr arm (hawk's ground)
vamm blemish, fault
ván expectation
ván hope
ván probability
vandi accustom (v) 
vandi train (v)
vandi custom, habit
vandliga carefully
vandliga completely
vándr bad
vándr difficult
vándr evil
vándr obliging
vándr wicked
vandræði difficulty
vandræði trouble
vanfarinn endangered (in evil straits)
vani custom
vani usage
vanir Vanir (race of gods) (pl.)
vanmátta sore
vanr accustomed 
vanr without, wanting, lacking (in)
vansi harm
vansi shame
vápn weapon
vápna arm (v)
vápnlauss weaponless
vár spring
vara warn (v)
vára become spring (v)
vara (ð) expect (impers.)
varða cairn
varða watch (v)
varði cairn
varði defend (v)
varði invest (v)
varði protect (v)
varðmaðr watcher
varðveita preserve (v)
varðveizla keeping
várkunn excuse
varmr warm
varnaðr goods
varnaðr warning
varnan warning
varningr cargo
varningr wares
varr aware
varr wary
várr our, of us
vart scantily
vart scarcely
vaskr brave, bold, valiant
vaskr gallant
vatn water; lake; waterway; river
vátr wet
váttr witness
vaxa grow (v), grow big, increase, wax
banner
veðr storm
veðr weather
veðr wind
vefja entangle (v)
vefja wrap (v)
vefr weaving
vega weigh (v)
vega lift; smite, fight; kill, slay
veggr wall
vegnest provisions for a journey
vegr dimension
vegr direction
vegr glory
vegr honor
vegr journey
vegr road, way
veiðimaðr huntsman
veiðr hunting
veifa swing (v)
veifa wave (v)
Veigr Veig, Liquor
veina wail (v)
veita (tt) give (v), grant; help; pay, yield; (recip.) back one another
veizla banquet
veizla feast
vekja rouse (v)
vekja (vakti) waken (v), rouse
vel gladly
vél artifice
vel easily, well, readily
vella boil (v)
velspár prophesying well or rightly
venja accustom (v) 
venja train (v)
venna probable
ver sea
vér we
vera be; stay; be done; happen
vera means of existence, way (of going on); resort, refuge
verð price
verð worth
verða become (v)
verða change (v)
verða take place (v)
verða happen (v), come to pass; befall; chance to be; become
verðr fitting
verðr worth
verðr deserving, worthy of
verðr meal
verja invest (v)
verja (varði) defend (v), protect
verk deed
verkmaðr laborer
verǫld world
verpa throw (v), cast
verr man
verr worse
verri worse
verst worst
verstr worst
vesall wretched, miserable
vesalligr mean-looking
vestan western (from the west); west (of); bearing to the west
vestr westward
vestr west (the west)
Vestri West
vetr winter
véurr protector
við beside
við to
við towards
við close to, (together) with; reaching to, against, with; towards, at; in exchange for; by; because of
víða widely, in many places; extensively
viðara farther
viðfǫng supplies (pl.)
viðhlæjandi laugher (one who laughs) or smiles at one
víðir sea
viðr wide
viðr tree; beam; forest; wood
viðreign dealings
viðreign encounter
Viðrir Odin
viðrtaca defense, reception
viðskipti dealings
viðtaka reception
viðu-hús turret (ship/sailing term)
viðuligr magnificent
víf wife
víf woman
vifill beetle
víg fight, battle
vígaferli manslaughters
vigamaðr fighter
víg-djarfr bold in battle
vígja hallow (v)
vígja (ð) consecrate, hallow; lay a spell on
vig-maðr fighter
vigr able to fight
víg-reifr rejoicing in battle
vík turn(ing)
vika week
vikingr viking, pirate
víkja turn (v)
víl trouble
vilðarmaðr favorite
vili will, desire, disposition
Víli Vili
vilja will, wish, be willing; intend
villhyggjandi bewildered, deluded
villieldr flame
villieldr wild-fire
villr erring
villr wild, astray
villtr foolish
vín wine
vinátta friendship
vínber grape
vinda turn (v)
vinda twist (v)
vinda wind (v)
Vindálfr Vindalf, Wind-elf
vindáss windlass (ship/sailing term)
vindr wind
vini leader
vinna conquer (v)
vinna win (v)
vinna work (v), perform, do (with ppart.)
vinna  accomplish (v)
vinr friend; patron, leader
vinsæld popularity
vinsæll popular
vinstri left
vínviðr grape-vine
virða esteem (v)
virða estimate (v)
virðar men (pl.)
virðing honor
virðing reputation
virðing respect
virðuligr honorable
virki stronghold
Virvir Virvir
visa show (v)
vísa direct (v)
vísa guide (v)
vísa verse, stanza
vísi prince
vísi leader
vísindakona prophetess, sibyl
víss wise, certain
vist employment
vist service
vist food and lodging
vit wit
vit wits
vit intelligence, sense
vita see (v)
vita (ssi) know (v), be aware of; understand; know how (to); know of; find out
vitaðr ascertained
víti penalty, punishment, liability to penalty; injury, misfortune
vítishorn sconce-horn
vitja (að) visit, go to
vit-lítill witless, having little good sense
vitni witness
Vitr Vit, Color
vitta (tt) enchant, conjure
vizkumunr understanding
vǫllr ground, level ground; plain; field
vǫlva prophetess
vǫlva witch, seeress, prophetess, sorceress, soothsayer
vorð, vǫrð wife
vorðr guard, watch
vǫrn defense
vorn defense
vǫxtr form
vǫxtr growth
vǫxtr stature
y - top of Dictionary a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v y þ æ œ
ybogi, ý-bogi yew bow
yð(v)arr your, of you (pl.)
yfimaðr chieftain
yfir across 
yfir at
yfir above, over, at; across, upon
yfirbœtr compensation
yfirbrag  appear 
yfirbragð demeanor
yfir-maðr leader, chieftain
Yggdrasill Yggdrasil
ykkarr your, of you two
yla howl (v)
Ymir Ymir, a giant
ymiss, ýmiss various
ymist variously
ymja groan (v)
ymr groaning
Yngvi Yngvi
yppa (pð) raise (v), lift
yrkja work (v)
yxen oxen
Sources:
  • A. Richard Diebold Center for Indo-European Language and Culture, Linguistics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Old Norse Online Base Form Dictionary, Jonathan Slocum and Todd B. Krause, http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/lrc/eieol/norol-BF.html
  • E.V. Gordon, An Introduction to Old Norse
  • Ross G. Arthur, English-Old Norse Dictionary, www.yorku.ca/inpar/language/English-Old_Norse.pdf
  • Regia Anglorum: Mik Lawson: miklawson@yahoo.co.uk, http://www.mun.ca/mst/heroicage/issues/8/sayers.html
  • The Society for Creative Anachronism: http://www.housebarra.com/EP/ep04/12norsecurse.html
  ©   For information contact Jack Garrett at info@vikingsofbjornstad.com