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:: The Vikings of Bjornstad ::
The Viking Age
:: The Vikings in History - a Selected Timeline ::
ca.
3100 BC
First phase of Stonehenge construction begins on Salisbury Plain in England
ca.
2606 BC
Pharaoh Khufu orders construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza
ca.
1200 BC
Celtic Hallstatt (Austria) culture begins
ca.
750 BC
Homer writes the Iliad and the Odyssey
ca.
500 BC
Celtic La Tène (Switzerland) culture begins
390 BC
Gauls sack Rome
335 BC
Celts send ambassadors to Alexander the Great
279 BC
Celts sack Delphi
221 BC
Shih huang-ti unifies China, connects and extends existing defenses into the Great Wall
58 BC - 50 BC
Julius Caesar divides and conquers the Gauls
55 BC
Julius Caesar attempts invasion of Britain with 10,000 troops and 80 ships; fails
48 BC - 44 BC
Reign of Julius Caesar
27 BC - 14 AD
Reign of Augustus Caesar
9
Arminius and a confederation of North German tribes slaughter Quinctilius Varus and three Roman legions in the Teutoberg Forest. The defeat puts an end to Roman expansion east of the Rhine.
43
Roman legions under Claudius successfully invade and occupy Britain
60
Boudicca, Queen of the Celtic Iceni tribe, leads an unsuccessful revolt against Roman rule in Britain
ca.
115
Roman Empire reaches its greatest extent under Trajan
410
Last Roman legions leave Britain
455
St. Patrick returns to Ireland
476
Alaric the Hun sacks Rome; traditional date for the fall of the western Roman Empire
500
Battle of Mount Badon halts Saxons (German) advance in Britain. Legends associate the victory with King Arthur.
771 - 800
Charlemagne sole ruler of Frankish Empire (includes modern France)
793
Norsemen plunder the monastery at Lindesfarne in northeastern England. The Viking Age begins.
810
Danish Vikings attack the Frisian coast of the Frankish empire
ca.
830-850
Norwegians establish themselves in Ireland, founding the town of Dublin
844
Vikings take Seville, Spain, and are quickly driven out by the Moors
845
Vikings destroy Hamburg, Germany
858
Swedish Vikings found the city of Kiev
860
Vikings attack Byzantium (Constantinople), without success
ca.
860
Vikings discover Iceland
871
Alfred the Great comes to power in Wessex, England and spends most of his reign fighting Norse invaders
ca.
874
Vikings establish a settlement in Iceland
885-886
40,000 Danish Vikings with 700 ships lay siege to Paris for 11 months
900
Rolf the Ganger raids and then settles in northern France; now known as Normandy (Northman land)
907
Swedish Vikings, called Rus, attack Constantinople
ca.
900-935
Erik I Bloodaxe becomes king of Norway, later becomes king of Northumberland, England
902
Irish force Norse Vikings out of Dublin
930
Icelanders convene the first Althing, a democratic assembly
934-961
Haakon I (the Good) King of Norway, only surviving brother to Erik Bloodaxe; introduces Christianity
ca.
982 - 986
Erik the Red discovers and explores Greenland; 400 Icelanders colonize
985
Bjarni Herjolfsson fails to make landfall in Greenland and reaches North America instead
ca.
1000
Erik's son Leif explores North America, wintering in a place he calls Vinland
ca.
1000
Vikings establish a settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland, Canada - the only authenticated Viking site in North America
1014
Irish defeat Vikings at Clontarf
1016-1035
Cnut the Great of Denmark, son of Svein Forkbeard, reigns as King of England
1066
Harald Hardrada, King of Norway, attacks England from the north and is defeated by Saxon King Harold Godwinsson at Stamford Bridge on 25 September. Duke William of Normandy invades England from the south-east, 190 miles away, and defeats King Harold at Hastings on 14 October. French-speaking Normans rule England for 300 years. The Viking Age ends.
1085
Last Viking raid on England fails
1215
King John of England signs the Magna Carta, a milestone toward government by the governed
1492
Christopher Columbus makes landfall in the West Indies
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